Muharram

Muharram Beating Shia Morning 2020

Muharram Beating: Muharram, or more specifically the 10th day of the month called Muharram, is when the ceremonial mourning takes place. It is considered to be the holiest month after Ramzan and one of the four sacred months in the Islamic calendar. Muharram is observed by Muslims across the world.

Here are 9 things you need to know about the day:
  1. The day marks the holy day of Ashura and the word ‘Muharram’ means forbidden and sinful.
  2. Imam Hussain Ali, believed to be the third Imam of the Shia community, was the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad and he was killed on this day.
  3. He was killed by the army of the Caliph Yazid in 680 AD at the battle of Karbala situated in modern-day Iraq.
  4. The Shia Muslim community mourn Imam Hussain Ali’s death by flagellating themselves with sharp objects on Muharram.
  5. They cut their bodies covered with mud and lit bonfires in the streets and enact the Battle of Karbala. Some devotees visit Imam Hussain’s shrine in Karbala.
  6. Imam Hussain’s death is interpreted by the Shia community as a symbol of the struggle against injustice, tyranny, and oppression.
  7. In modern times, some Shia Muslims do not adhere to the practice of self-flagellation because it is dangerous.
  8. While the Shias flagellate, the Sunni Muslims fast on 9th, 10th and 11th day of Muharram as it is believed that fasting on these days is a way to make amends for the sins of the coming year.
  9. For Sunnis, Ashura marks the day that Moses and his followers (i.e the children of Israel) were saved from Pharaoh by God by creating a path in the Red Sea.
Here some photos of how Muslims mourn on Muharram:
Muharram Beating
Muharram Beating
Muharram Beating
Muharram Beating

Shia Muslims worldwide cut themselves with swords and knives, covered their bodies with mud and lit bonfires in the streets to mourn the death of the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson today.

The rituals mark the holy Day of Ashura, which is the tenth day of the “mourning month” of Muharram, when Shi’ite Muslims remember the death of Imam Hussein (Husayn Ibn Ali) at the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD.

Imam Hussein’s martyrdom is widely interpreted by Shia as a symbol of the struggle against injustice, tyranny and oppression.

While cutting the body with knives or chains was banned in Iran and Lebanon, it is still practiced in Bangladesh and India.

Some flagellation rituals use a sword.

Thousands of Muslims listened to accounts of Imam Hussein’s death under the golden dome of his mausoleum in Karbala, Iraq.

In Iran, hundreds of people covered themselves in wet mud and walked around bonfires to dry the mud to their skin and clothes.

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