Shahrivar 17th, the Black Friday, remembered as a day of bloodshed in the Iranian History; the incident took place on September 8, 1978, only about 6 months before the Islamic revolution gained the victory. On this day, people took to the streets in order to protest against the Pahlavi dictatorship, most of them unaware that just a few hours ago, the regime had imposed martial law to prevent anti-regime protests. As a result, hundreds of peaceful protesters were gunned down by Shah military forces near and about Jaleh square and other parts of southern Tehran. The soldiers had direct orders to shoot and kill. Historical sources say that about 4000 people were shot down by tanks and guns and military helicopters.
American General and the order of massacre of Iranians
Before the Revolution and during the great movement of the people – the events of the 17th of Shahrivar, the massacre of the people and other such crimes that were all committed by America’s puppet regime require another discussion and let us put it aside for now – the people had held a rally on the streets of Tehran – on Enqelab Street. This happened on the eighth of Bahman – a few days before Imam (r.a.) entered the country. General Huyser, who was America’s agent, came to Iran so that he could maybe save and preserve the regime from the danger of the Revolution. In his memoirs, Huyser writes – this has been recorded in history – “I said to General Gharabaghi, ‘lower your guns in confronting the people.’” it means that you should kill the people and that you should not fire into the air for no reason. Instead, you should massacre the people.
They did the same thing. They lowered their gun barrels and as a result, a number of youth and teenagers were killed, but the crowd did not retreat. Huyser writes, “Later on, Gharabaghi came to me and said, ‘Your order was not effective because it could not make the people move back.’” Huyser then says, “I saw that the Shah’s generals had childish thoughts.” He meant that they should have continued and that they should have killed without any pause. Notice that that regime was a puppet regime. An American general orders an Iranian Arteshbod [Marshall] to massacre his compatriots and he obeys that order and advice. Because it was not effective, he goes to him and says, “It is of no use.” But Huyser says, they are like children and that they think like children. This is the summary of the Pahlavi regime in Iran.
The unforgettable month of Shahrivar
The month of Shahrivar is also a memorable month. On the 17th of Shahrivar of the year 1357(September 8, 1978)- a few months before the victory of the Islamic Revolution – the agents of the taghuti regime fired a volley of bullets on innocent people who had no refuge. This happened in Tehran’s Shohadaye Square. In this event, a large number of people were murdered in that square. We do not still know how many were exactly murdered, but there were many. In the month of Shahrivar, the president and prime minister of the country – Shahid Rajai and Shahid Bahonar – were cruelly assassinated. In Shahrivar, Shahid Ayatollah Qodusi – the prosecutor general of the country – was assassinated. In Shahrivar, the Friday prayer leader of Tabriz [Shahid Sayyid Asadullah Madani] was assassinated. Again in Shahrivar – on the last day of this month – the ba’athist regime of Saddam attacked our country. These are astonishing, meaningful and significant memories. The American regime was behind all these events. American agents either directly helped or supported these acts or at least closed their eyes to them.
Youth should know who was behind these historical crimes
Our youth should not forget these memories. One of my concerns is that our young generation – that is thankfully wise, insightful, motivated, prepared and revolutionary and that is in the middle of the arena – gradually forgets these important events and these instructive lessons of the contemporary era. This is because of our laziness – the laziness of us organizations in charge. These events should not become outdated. The historical memory of a people should not become weak. If our youth throughout the country do not know about these events and if they cannot analyze them, they will make a mistake in knowing their country and the future. Youth should correctly understand these events. They should know what happened and who did them. Youth should know these things.